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What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an inflammation of one or both  lungs, which is usually caused by an infection. This inflammation causes tiny air sacs (called the aleveoli) inside your lungs to fill with fluid. This makes it harder for the lungs to work properly. Your body sends white blood cells to your lungs to try to fight the infection. Although this helps kill the germs, it can also make it harder for your lungs to pass oxygen into your bloodstream.

What causes pneumonia?

Many different kinds of bacteria, viruses and, occasionaly fungi can cause pneumonia. The most  common cause is a type of bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae, but in individual cases the cause can be unknown

In winter the number of cases of pneumonia rises. This is because of infection spreading from person to person, and because other infections are more to common in the winter, such as influenza (flu). An infection with flu can lower your immune system, increasing your risk of picking up pneumonia

What are the symptoms?

If you have pneumonia, you will feel unwell and experience symptoms that are similar to flu or a chest infection. The symptoms usually develop gradually over days, but sometimes they can progress much faster

Almost all people with pneumonia will have a high temperature. This can sometimes be very high and you might also sweat and shiver. Another symptom is a cough that brings up phlegm (mucus).

If your breathing is quick, this suggests that the pneumonia is likely to be severe. Confusion is also a serious sign.

A sharp pain in the side of your chest, wich becomes worse when you take a deep breath, usually means that pleurisy has developed. This measn the thin outer covering of the lung becomes infected and inflamed by the pneumonia.

Who is the most of risk?

Anyone of any age can get pneumonia. In adults, approximately 5-11 people out of every 1,000 get the condition each year in the UK. Pheumonia can be more of a threat for two groups of people:

  • Firstly, people who have a higher risk of developing pneumonia, such as those with a weaker immune system.
  • Secondly, people who are not at extra risk of developing pneumonia, but if they do develop it they may experience worse effects. This group includes people with heart or lung disease and other medical conditions.

Both these groups need to take more care to reduce their chances of developing pneumonia and any potential complications.

People in these high-risk groups include:

  • older people, babies and infants
  • people with long-term heart, lung and kidney conditions, and those with diabetes
  • people with cancer, especially those having chemotherapy or who have leukaemia or lymphomapeople
  • people who smoke or drink alcohol to excess
  • people receiving drugs that suppress the immune system, and those with HIV/AIDS.

In addition to these groups, people who are in hospital for other problems sometimes developpneumonia during their stay. This does not mean that the hospital is unhygienic, but that their resistance to the germs that can cause pneumonia has been weakened by thir other medical problems.

 Preventing pneumonia

Not smoking is essential to reduce risk of pneumonia. Smokers have an increased risk of developing pneumonia and other chest  infections-and so do children whose parents smokeInfections that are common in winter can increase the risk of pneumonia. Therfore , its important to practice good hygiene to reduce the spread of germs.

One person in five in the UK is affected by lung disease. Millions more are at risk.


If you are experiencing the symptoms described here, seek medical advice as soons as possible


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What is a portion? Why count calories?

What is a portion? Below are some examples of what constitutes 1 portion of each food group.

A healthy balanced diet is important for a maintaining good health. It improves general wellbeing, helps with weight management and reduce the risk of long term conditions such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer.

Why count calories?

If you are trying to lose or gain weight, it is useful to have an understanding of the amount of calories in the foods and drink you consume. Knowing the calorie contents of food helps us to carefully select the types of food we eat so that we can avoid excess, choose healthier options and maintain a healthy weight. 1 kilogram is 7,000 calories, so if you consume just 100 calories per day more than your requirements  e.g. by eating one or two biscuits each day), in one year this is equal to 36,500 calories. This could mean a weight gain of around 5 kg (10lb) in one year, just by having 100 calories per day more  than you need.

Below are some examples of what constitutes 1 portion of each food group.

Fruit and vegetables:

ONE portion = 80g = any of these

  • 1 apple, banana, pear, orange or other similar sized fruit
  • 2 plums or similar sized fruit
  • ½ a grapefruit or avocado
  • 1 slice of large fruit, such as melon or pineapple
  • 3 heaped tablespoons of vegetables (raw, cooked, frozen or tinned)
  • 3 heaped tablespoons of beans and pulses (however much you eat, beansand pulses count as a maximum of 1 portion a day)
  • 3 heaped tablespoons of fruit salad (fresh or tinned in fruit juice) or stewed fruit
  • 1 heaped tablespoon of dried fruit (such as raisins and apricots)
  • 1 handful of grapes, cherries or berries
  • a dessert bowl of salad
  • a glass (150ml) of fruit juice (however much you drink, fruit juice counts as a

maximum of 1 portion a day)

Bread, cereal, rice and pasta and potatoes:

  • 1 slice bread
  • 1 egg sized potato
  • 3 tbsp breakfast cereal
  • 2 heaped tablespoons of cooked pasta and rice

Milk and dairy:

  • 200 ml of milk
  • 150g low fat yoghurt
  • 125g cottage cheese
  • 30g hard cheese

Meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy source of protein:

  • 85g-100g cooked meat or fish
  • 3-4 tablespoons of dried beans
  • 2 eggs
  •  tablespoons of nuts or seed








nutrition&weight management

herbal medicine

MLD therapiest

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Manual lymphatic drainage

Manual lymphatic drainage is described as “One of the best kept secrets on the health and beauty scene”.

Manual lymphatic drainage’s intensely relaxing effect masks the strength of the treatment itself. It is a very gentle, repetitive and rhythmical light touch massage that improves the ability of the body’s lymphatic system to cleanse from the inside out

Energetic and Mind Body Effects of Manual Lymphatic drainage

Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) was developed in the 1930’s by the Danish practitioner Dr Emil Vodder and widely recognised and practised in American and European clinics to treat variety of different conditions.

Breathing techniques are also an important part of this treatment.

You’ll usually be lying down and may have to remove some of your clothing. The massage is done without any oils or creams, using the hands very gently to move the skin in a particular direction.

Lymph drainage massage has many beneficial effects beyond the physiological process such as meditative state. While stimulating lymph flow on a physiological level, MLD will relax the client breath and heart rate, resulting in a balancing  of the client energy.

The MLD Treatment – what to expect
The first visit to a trained MLD therapist will include a consultation during which the therapist will recommend the number and frequency of future sessions. Each session will last approximately one hour. Where appropriate the therapist will work in conjunction with your medical practitioner

Lymphatic drainage is a specialized hand technique that consists of very gentle and rhythmic movements, administered by a highly trained therapist. Each stroke slightly moves the skin in the direction of the lymphatic flow to encourage the drainage of fluid and waste. Depending what your complaints are, the focus of a lymph massage for general immune stimulation is typically on the upper body, including the face, neck, and arms. After your lymph massage, it’s important to drink plenty of water, reduce your salt intake and avoid alcohol.

Manual Lymph Drainage 

  • 35 Minutes –£ 35
  • 45 Minutes – £ 45
  • 60 Minutes – £60
  • Anti ageing massage 30 minutes: £30

Madelena- MLD therapist

nutrition and weight management advisor

Book an appointment

human anatomy, lymphatic system, medical illustration, lymph nodes
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Telomeres and ageing

Why do people age differently?

Have you been asked this question? I am sure , you already noticed, some people look smart and energetic into old age, while other people, much younger are sick, exhausted and foggy?

I am fascinated of this. I encountered in the hospital, so many young people marked by the disease of aging: cardiovascular disease, arthritis, a weakened immune system, diabetes, cancer, lung disease and so on. Skin and hair become older.

People are ageing differently. The quality of our health is shaped by the way we live, even though we are born with put features already encoded into our chromosomes.

We all will get older, however how we age is very much dependent on our cellular health.

According to Blackburn and Epel ( 2017), telomeres which shorten which each cell division, help determine how fast your cell age and when die, depending on how quickly they wear down. The telomeres, it turns out, are listening to you. The way you live can, basically, tell your telomeres to speed up the process of cellular aging. On the other hand can also do the opposite. The foods you eat, your response to emotional challenges, the amount of exercise you get,  whether you were exposed to childhood stress, and even the level of trust and safety in your neighbourhood- all of these factors and more appear to influence your telemoeres, and can prevent the premature aging at the cellular level.

Telomeres- a pathway to living younger. We can control the telomeres, or in other words, we can change the way that we age, at the most elemental, cellular level.

Our body is full of cells that need to constantly renew themselves to stay healthy. These renewing cells, line in:

  • immune system
  • gut
  • bones
  • lungs
  • liver
  • skin
  • hair follicles
  • pancreas
  • cardiovascular system linining
  • heart’s smooth muscle cells
  • brain in parts including the hippocampus ( a learning and memory center of the brain)

When cells can no longer renew themselves , the body tissues they supply will start to age and function poorly. Having a good suply of stem cells that are able to renew themselves is key to staying healthy and to recovering from sickness and injury.

We can take the control of our genes. For example: ageing genes usually associated with fat and wrinkles can be altered with diet, exercise and other lifestyle choices.

In a simple words, turning your good genes on and your bad genes off you can literally  prevent ageing-no matter how old are you.  Short telomeres put you at a greater risk not just for wrinkles but also for heart disease, cancer or early death. The good news, you can improve the upkeep of your telemores. .

Do you think the lifting, sucking and filling are your only option to reverse the  signs of ageing?

You have the power to redesign the way your DNA talks to your body, a process known as gene expression.

I can assure you there is a far safer and more palatable solution.

Every day is a new chance to be younger!

Are you ready to become younger and healthy? The younger protocol is special created for you

Telomeres delay ageing of the cell . An important piece in the puzzle – human ageing, cancer, and stem cells

beauty concept skin aging. anti-aging procedures rejuvenation lifting tightening of facial skin restoration of youthful skin anti-wrinkle

Blackburn, E. and Epel, E. (2017).  The telomere effect. Living younger, healthier, London: Orion Spring